The European Commission has launched anti-trust investigations into the Apple App Store and Apple Pay.
Following complaints by Spotify and Rakuten, the investigations aim to assess whether Apple broke EU competition rules.
Spotify previously claimed that Apple use the App Store to push its Apple Music service and thus hinder consumer choice.
Meanwhile, Rakuten filed a complaint because Apple was taking a 30% commission but promoting its own Apple Books service.
“We need to ensure that Apple’s rules do not distort competition in markets where Apple is competing with other app developers, for example with its music streaming service Apple Music or with Apple Books,” said Margrethe Vestager, head of the EU’s antitrust division. “I have therefore decided to take a close look at Apple’s App Store rules and their compliance with EU competition rules.”
The EU Commission will also assess whether Apple Pay violates EU competition rulings by hindering customers from using other payment options.
An Apple spokesperson previously commented that the claims from app developers were baseless